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A Student’s Guide to Global Climate Change. (2016). Environmental Protection Agency. Retreived October 21, 2016 from https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/impacts/signs/temperature.html

 

Climate Change Indicators: Length of Growing Season. (2016). Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-length-growing-season

 

Climate Impacts on Human Health. (2016). Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from https://www.epa.gov/climate-impacts/climate-impacts-human-health

 

Drobot, S., Gearhead, S., Holland, M., Meier W. Maslanik J., Scambos T., Serreze, M., Stroeve, J. Arctic sea ice extent plummets in 2007. (2008). Earth and Space Science News. Retrieved September 28, 2015 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2008EO020001/abstract

 

Five Reasons Why the Speed of Arctic Sea Ice Loss Matters. (2013). CarbonBrief: Clear on Climate. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from https://www.carbonbrief.org/five-reasons-why-the-speed-of-arctic-sea-ice-loss-matters

 

Gerdes, R., Lohmann, G. Sea Ice Effects on the Sensitivity of the Thermohaline Circulation. (1998). American Meteorological Society. Retrieved October 5, 2016 from http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/1520-0442%281998%29011%3C2789%3ASIEOTS%3E2.0.CO%3B2

 

Holland, G. Hurricanes and rising global temperatures. (2012). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from http://www.pnas.org/content/109/48/19513.full?tab=author-info

 

Holland, M.M., Meier, W., Scambos, T., Serreze, M., Stroeve, J. Arctic sea  ice decline: Faster than forecast. (2007). Geophysical Research Letters. Retrieved September 28, 2016 from http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/staff/mholland/papers/stroeve_etal_2007.pdf

 

Indigenous People: Impacts,. (2016). National Snow & Ice Data Center. Retrieved October, 21, 2016, from https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/seaice/environment/indigenous_impacts.html

 

Jones, K.F., Light B., Perovich, D.K., Richter-Menge, A.J. Sunlight, water, and ice: Extreme Arctic sea ice melt during the summer of 2007. (2008). Geophysical Research Letters. Retrieved 28 September, 2016, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2008GL034007/pdf

 

Lindsay, R.W., Zhang, J. The Thinning of Arctic Sea Ice, 1988-2003: Have we passed a tipping point? (2005). American Meteorological Society. Retrieved October 5, 2016, from http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/JCLI3587.1

Lund University. (2015). Melting Arctic sea ice accelerates methane emissions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 5, 2016 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150917091306.htm

 

Moore, G.W.K., Pickart, R.S., Renfrew, I.A., Vage, K. Decreasing intensity of open-ocean convection in the Greenland and Iceland seas. (2015). Nature. Retrieved October, 5, 2016, from http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v5/n9/full/nclimate2688.html

 

NASA: Earth Observation. (2014). Retrieved October 23, 2016 from

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=84499

 

National Snow and Ice Data Center. All About Sea Ice. (2016) Retrieved October 5, 2016, from https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/seaice/environment/global_climate.html

 

Sea ice: The dynamic foundation of Arctic marine life. (2016). World Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved October 23, 2016 from http://www.wwf.ca/conservation/arctic/sea_ice/

 

Understanding the Link Between Climate Change and Extreme Weather. (2016). Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from https://www.epa.gov/climate-change-science/understanding-link-between-climate-change-and-extreme-weather#references

 

Vaidyanathan, G. Killer Heat Grows Hotter Around the World. (2015). Scientific American. Retrieved October 21, 2016 from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/killer-heat-grows-hotter-around-the-world/

 

Vihma, T. Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review. (2014). Finnish Meteorological Institure. Retrieved October 5, 2015, from http://www.unis.no/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Vihma_Arctic_change_atmosphere_2014.pdf