Weather Patterns

Weather patterns bring different air temperatures to the arctic region, these have “gradually increased over the last fifty years, leading to reduced thickness of first-year ice at the start of summer”

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Ocean Currents

The melting of arctic ice reduces salinity of the adjacent oceans and this “causes a cessation of deep convection and a climate state with decreased oceanic heat transport, decreased high-latitude atmospheric temperature, and larger sea ice extent”

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